Low-carbon power plants are increasingly important in today’s world as we strive to reduce greenhouse gas emissions to combat climate change. To achieve this goal, new emerging technologies have been developed to replace traditional methods of producing high-carbon electricity.
Fast Neutron Reactors (FNR)
FNR’s as an emerging technology, use nuclear reactions to produce electricity, they are more efficient and generate less waste. Although this technology is very promising it still requires significant research and investment to become reality on a large scale.
Hydrogen technology is also an area of growing interest for low-carbon power plants. H2 can be produced from renewable sources of energy and can be used as a fuel to generate electricity or as an energy carrier to store excess energy. Briefly, Hydrogen power plants have growing interest, but challenges remain for economic viability.
Renewable energies (wind, solar)
Wind turbines and solar panels can produce clean, renewable electricity from the forces of nature, without emitting greenhouse gases. In addition, these technologies are increasingly efficient and affordable, which makes them increasingly popular. Renewable energies are increasingly popular and efficient, but they still need to improve to be more competitive with non-renewable energies.
Nuclear energies are already well developed and proven, but their cost and environmental risks are essential factors to consider.
From this reading, you might notice that I had quoted the technologies in a progressive order from less profitable to advanced ones.
It is important to note that
This ranking is subjective and may change due to local factors and may change over time, it is a general overview. Considering all of these factors to make an informed decision about the most appropriate technology for a given power plant is crucial.