Low-carbon power plants are increasingly important in today’s world as we strive to reduce greenhouse gas emissions to combat climate change. To achieve this goal, new emerging technologies have been developed to replace traditional methods of producing high-carbon electricity.
Fast Neutron Reactors (FNR)
Fast neutron reactors (FNR) as an emerging technology, they use nuclear reactions to produce electricity, they are more efficient than current reactors and generate less radioactive waste. Although this technology is very promising because it is more efficient than current reactors and produces less radioactive waste, it still requires significant research and investment to become reality on a large scale.
Carbon Gasification and Capture (CCS)
This technology captures greenhouse gas emissions produced by coal or natural gas-burning power plants, storing them underground or using them to produce other chemicals. This allows the continued use of fossil fuels while reducing greenhouse gas emissions. Although this technology makes it possible to capture the greenhouse gas emissions produced by coal or natural gas combustion power plants, it requires significant investment and is still not widely developed.
Hydrogen technology is also an area of growing interest for low-carbon power plants. H2 can be produced from renewable sources of energy, such as wind or solar power, and can be used as a fuel to generate electricity or as an energy carrier to store excess energy. Hydrogen is an area of growing interest for low-carbon power plants, but there are still technical and economic challenges to overcome to make its production and use economically viable.
Renewable energies (wind, solar)
Wind turbines and solar panels can produce clean, renewable electricity from the forces of nature, without emitting greenhouse gases. In addition, these technologies are increasingly efficient and affordable, which makes them increasingly popular. Renewable energies are increasingly popular and efficient, but they still need to improve to be more competitive with non-renewable energies.
Nuclear energies are already well developed and proven, but their cost and environmental risks are essential factors to consider.
From this reading, you might notice that I had quoted the technologies in a progressive order from less profitable to advanced ones.
It is important to note that this ranking is subjective and may vary according to local contexts (cost of raw materials, technological progress, regulations, etc.) and may change over time, it is a general overview. Considering all of these factors to make an informed decision about the most appropriate technology for a given power plant is crucial.